Leaf Identification

The leaves of the Austrian Pine are 3″ to 6″ long, stiff needles with a spiral leaf arrangement. They are plate-like and found in bundles (fascicles) of two. They are a dark green and stay attached all year.

Twig and Bud Identification

Austrian Pine twigs are very stout and dark brown. The terminal buds are large and ovid with white markings.

Bark Identification

The Austrian Pine are ridged and furrowed. It creates scales in a mosiac of gray, brown, and white.

Cone Identification

The Austrian Pine has a oval, stalkless cone that matures to a brown color. It is around 3″ long. The little point at the end of each cone scale (umbo) is a very short prickle. The staminate cones are cylindrical, orangish-yellow, and gather in clusters at the end of the twig. The ovulate cones are oval, purplish-yellow, and solitarily show up at the end of twigs.