Leaf Identification

The European Hornbeam has ovate-shaped leaves with serrated margins that are up to 5″ long. They are a dark green and turn a bright yellow/orange color in the fall.

[photo forthcoming]

Twig and Bud Identification

[more information coming soon]

[photo forthcoming]

Bark Identification

The American Holly has gray bark with muscle-like fluting.

[photo forthcoming]

Fruit Identification

The European Hornbeam has drooping nutlet clusters in 3-lobed bracts that are around 5″ long. They ripen in summer.

[photo forthcoming]

Flower Identification

The European Hornbeam are monoecious. The male flowers have yellow, 1 1/2″ catkins, and the female flowers have greenish, 3″ long catkins.

[photo forthcoming]