Pecan

Arbor walk #54

This Missouri native tree is predominantly found in the Mississippi River Valley, and in the American South where it is cultivated as an important commercial nut crop. 

Name Pecan
Latin Name Carya illinoinensis
Type Native 
Diameter 6.5 ci
Color of Leaf Yellow green, turn to yellow
Shape of Leaf 18-24″ compound leaves
Color of Flower Inconspicuous
Shape of Flower Inconspicuous
Fruit Characteristics Winged husks with edible pecans
Bark Characteristics Brown black bark turns to scaly
Foliage Type Deciduous

The name “pecan” is a Native American word, describing “nuts requiring a stone to crack.” The female flowers of the Pecan tree take about 8 years to mature and bear fruit. The state tree of Texas, a single pecan tree can live up to 300 years old and produces an average of 70-150 lbs. of pecans a year. Although enjoyed as a snack, pecans are important for wildlife as well; many animals such as birds, deer and squirrels rely on pecans as a food source.

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