This Missouri native tree is predominantly found in the Mississippi River Valley, and in the American South where it is cultivated as an important commercial nut crop.
|Latin Name||Carya illinoinensis|
|Color of Leaf||Yellow green, turn to yellow|
|Shape of Leaf||18-24″ compound leaves|
|Color of Flower||Inconspicuous|
|Shape of Flower||Inconspicuous|
|Fruit Characteristics||Winged husks with edible pecans|
|Bark Characteristics||Brown black bark turns to scaly|
The name “pecan” is a Native American word, describing “nuts requiring a stone to crack.” The female flowers of the Pecan tree take about 8 years to mature and bear fruit. The state tree of Texas, a single pecan tree can live up to 300 years old and produces an average of 70-150 lbs. of pecans a year. Although enjoyed as a snack, pecans are important for wildlife as well; many animals such as birds, deer and squirrels rely on pecans as a food source.