American Holly

Arbor walk #69

The American Holly is an evergreen tree with leathery leaves that are spiny along the leaf margin. It has bright red fruit that is easily recognizable.

NameAmerican Holly
Latin NameIlex opaca
TypeNative
Diameter8.75″ dbh
Shape of LeafDeep green, 2″to 4″ long with spiny marginal teeth
Shape of FlowerGreenish white, Male 3-12 flower clusters, female solitary 2-3 flower clusters
Fruit CharacteristicsBright red / orange, 1/4″ to 1/2″ diameter, ripens in fall
Bark CharacteristicsThin, gray with warty projections
Foliage TypeEvergreen

The American Holly is most famously known for its use in the construction of Christmas wreaths. The tree itself is typically 15-30 feet tall when cultivated but in the wild, it can reach up to 50 feet tall. It typically has a pyramidal shape and it is native to the Eastern and Central regions of the United States. In addition, the iconic red berry that it produces is popular with many birds. Furthermore, the American Holly is typically planted in groups of 4 to allow for cross-pollination to produce the berries.

Take a Look Around Tree #69