Leaf Identification

The leaves of the English Oak are short stalked with blunted, finger-like lobes. At the leaf base, there are two small ear-shaped lobes that point down and away from the midvein. They are a dark green color, with a yellow-green underside. In the fall, these leaves will turn golden yellow.

Twig and Bud Identification

The twig is light brown, with a yellowish or reddish tint to the twig and buds. The buds are fully covered in reddish-brown scales, which have sparse hairs sticking out from scale fringes but not on the scales themselves. Numerous buds grow at or near the terminal bud.

Bark Identification

The English Oak has rigid, dark gray to black bark.

Fruit Identification

The English Oak has oval acorns, more elongated than most oaks. The cup has gray scales but does not extend far down the nut. Acorns are between 1/2″ and 1″ in length, and grow in groups of 1-3 acorns per stalk.

Flower Identification

The flowers of the English Oak are yellowish-green and inconspicuous. The males hang in clusters of catkins, and the females are tiny spikes on the leaf axis.

[photo forthcoming]

ID Tips

  • The leaves of the English Oak look incredibly similar to the White Oak; both have numerous finger-like lobes. However, the English Oak can be distinguished by the small, ear-shaped lobes at the base of the leaf and its shorter petiole (leafstalk).