Native to the midwest, the American Hornbeam typically grows as an understory tree, in wetter areas. Its leaf is dark green, ovate, with doubly serrated edges.
|Latin Name||Carpinus caroliniana|
|Color of Leaf||Dull green, yellow fall color|
|Shape of Leaf||Egg shaped & pointed at tip: 2”to 4” Long|
|Color of Flower||Green & red|
|Shape of Flower||Cylinder shaped catkins: 1”to 2” Long|
|Shape of Bark||Irregularly fluted on young trees, furrowed on older trees|
Also known as Ironwood, the wood of the American Hornbeam is very hard, and is used to make mallets, tool handles and cutlery. Because this tree grows low to the ground, many animals use the tree for shelter. Interestingly, Beavers use the wood of this tree for building dams, as it is readily available in their habitat.