A native tree of the eastern and Midwestern US, the River Birch is also known as the Black Birch. The Heritage cultivar was discovered in a St. Louis, Missouri suburb and introduced by Earl Cully a well known Plantsman from Illinois. The ‘Heritage’ grows 40’ tall and 40’ wide.
As a relatively heat-resistance tree in the Birch family, the River Birch tree’s distribution extends further south than most other Birch trees. River Birches have papery, scaly bark, and often has multiple thin trunks rather than one large trunk.
The River Birch functions as an ecologically valuable species because of its flood-resilience and ability to mitigate impacts of acid mine drainage. The bark of the River Birch can also be considered a survival food. An ornamental tree, the Cully cultivar is very similar to the Dura-Heat cultivar in that it is a lighter colored tree that is resistant to the Bronze Birch Borer beetle species.
|Common Name||River Birch|
|Latin Name||Betula nigra|