The Austrian Pine is a conifer that is native to Europe. It is known for its oval cones, bundled needles (in groups of two), and its dense crown.
|Latin Name||Pinus nigra|
|Leaf||Dark green, Stiff, 3″to 6″ long, in bundles of two, plate-like|
|Fruit Characteristics||Oval, stalkless, 3″long, mature to brown|
|Bark Characteristics||Ridged & furrowed, scaled in a mosaic of white, gray, & brown|
The Austrian Pine is originally from Europe, specifically Austria, and was introduced into the US in 1759. It has a conical or pyramidal form when young that spreads out into an umbrella form as the tree matures. The Austrian Pine is fairly durable in windy conditions and over 200 million Austrian Pines were planted during the Dust Bowl in the 1930s. However, it is very susceptible to many diseases and pests, particularly in the St. Louis area.